White Paper

List 2 Changes Induced by the Internet and WWW

  •  E-mail, E-search, E-shopping, Web Portals and e-trading are commonly known changes evolved over time (referred to List 1)

  • 1993, Mosaic takes the Internet by storm; WWW proliferates at a 341,634% annual growth rate of service traffic. Gopher's growth is 997%; White House comes on-line, www.whitehouse.gov and president@whitehouse.gov

  • 1994, Pizza Hut offers pizza ordering on its Web page; First Virtual, the first cyberbank, opens; Shopping malls arrive on the Internet; First cyberstation, RT-FM, broadcasts from Interop in Las Vegas; NSFNET traffic passes 10 trillion bytes/month; WWW edges out telnet to become 2nd most popular service on the Net (behind ftp-data) based on % of packets and bytes traffic distribution on NSFNET; Arizona law firm of Canter & Siegel "spams" the Internet with email advertising green card lottery services

  • 1994, ARPANET/Internet celebrates 25th anniversary; The first banner ads appear on hotwired.com in October. They were for Zima (a beverage)

  • 1995, WWW surpasses ftp-data in March as the service with greatest traffic on NSFNet based on packet count, and in April based on byte count; A number of Net related companies go public, with Netscape leading the pack with the 3rd largest ever NASDAQ IPO share value; RealAudio offers near-realtime audio on the Net

  • 1995, Domain name registration no longer free; NSF announced access to NSFNET backbone via 4 access providers; $50 domain fee imposed

  • 1995, technology of the year: WWW and Search Engine

  • 1996, technology of the year: Search engines, JAVA and Internet phone

  • 1996, Internet phones catch the attention of US telecommunication companies who ask the US Congress to ban the technology (which has been around for years); The controversial US Communications Decency Act (CDA) becomes law in the US in order to prohibit distribution of indecent materials over the Net. A few months later a three-judge panel imposes an injunction against its enforcement. Supreme Court unanimously rules most of it unconstitutional in 1997; The WWW browser war, fought primarily between Netscape and Microsoft, has rushed in a new age in software development, whereby new releases are made quarterly with the help of Internet users eager to test upcoming (beta) versions.

  • 1996, Restrictions on Internet use around the world:

  • China: requires users and ISPs to register with the police
    Germany: cuts off access to some newsgroups carried on CompuServe
    Saudi Arabia: confines Internet access to universities and hospitals
    Singapore: requires political and religious content providers to register with the state
    New Zealand: classifies computer disks as "publications" that can be censored and seized

  • 1997, Domain name (business.com) sold for US$150,000

  • 1997, Technologies of the Year: Push, Multicasting

  • 1998, Web size estimates range between 275 (Digital) and 320 (NEC) million pages for 1Q; Internet users get to be judges in a performance by 12 world champion ice skaters on 27 March, marking the first time a television sport show's outcome is determined by its viewers

  • 1998, Electronic postal stamps become a reality, with the US Postal Service allowing stamps to be purchased and downloaded for printing from the Web; Compaq pays US$3.3million for altavista.com

  • 1998, Technologies of the Year: E-Commerce, E-Auctions, Portals

  • 1999, Technologies of the Year: E-Trade, Online Banking, MP3

  • 2000, A massive denial of service attack is launched against major web sites, including Yahoo, Amazon, and eBay in early February, Web size estimates by NEC-RI and Inktomi surpass 1 billion indexable pages

  • 2000, Technologies of the Year: ASP, Napster

  • 2001, The first live distributed musical -- The Technophobe & The Madman -- over Internet2 networks debuts on 20 Feb; VeriSign extends its multilingual domain testbed to encompass various European languages (26 Feb), and later the full Unicode character set (5 Apr) opening up most of the world's languages; Forwarding email in Australia becomes illegal with the passing of the Digital Agenda Act, as it is seen as a technical infringement of personal copyright (4 Mar)

  • 2001, Radio stations broadcasting over the Web go silent over royalty disputes (10 Apr); Napster keeps finding itself embroiled in litigation and is eventually forced to suspend service; it comes back later in the year as a subscription service; .biz and .info are added to the root server on 27 June with registrations beginning in July; .biz domain go live on 7 Nov.

  • 2002. US ISP Association (USISPA) is created from the former CIX (11 Jan)

      Acknowledgement and References: many web sources including http://www.isoc.org/internet/history/ http://www.zakon.org/robert/internet/timeline were consulted in compiling the above list for the purpose of this paper.